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艺术博物馆经济学:当代艺术引发的蝴蝶效应

2020-6-16 编辑:采编部 来源:互联网 阅读次数:
  导读:   汪珂宇综合编译   在美国,每年约850万人参观博物馆,远远超过了其他所有的大联盟运动和主题公园(在2011年约4.83亿)。如果将动物园,历史学会,植物园和相似的历史或文化遗址包括进来,美国的...

  WANGKEYUZONGHEBIANYI

  ZAIMEIGUO,MEINIANYUE850WANRENCANGUANBOWUGUAN,YUANYUANCHAOGUOLEQITASUOYOUDEDALIANMENGYUNDONGHEZHUTIGONGYUAN(ZAI2011NIANYUE4.83YI)。RUGUOJIANGDONGWUYUAN,LISHIXUEHUI,ZHIWUYUANHEXIANGSIDELISHIHUOWENHUAYIZHIBAOKUOJINLAI,MEIGUODEBOWUGUANSHULIANGZAI2014NIANYIJINGCHAOGUOLE3.5WAN,SHI90NIANDAIDEYIBEIDUO。

大都会艺术博物馆内部

大牛时代配资平台  YISHUBOWUGUANDUIDANGDAIWENHUADECHUANBOZUOCHULEZUIZHONGYAODEGONGXIAN ,QIZHONGYUE1575SUOYISHUBOWUGUANFEICHANGSHOUHUANYING。ZHEIXIEBOWUGUANLIZUIYOUMINGDESHINIUYUEDEDADOUHUIYISHUBOWUGUAN(Metropolitan Museum of Art)(HOUJIANCHENG“DADOUHUI”),TAZAI2015NIANCANGUANZONGRENSHUDEZUIGAOJILUDADAOLE650WANREN,SHIQICHENGWEISHIJIESHANGDISANDAZUISHOUHUANYINGDEYISHUBOWUGUAN。

  SUIZHEDANGDAIWENHUADEBUDUANFAZHANHEYANJIN,YEJIDANGDAIDEBOWUGUANDEFAZHANZAOCHENGLEBUSHAODEKUNNAN,YIDADOUHUIHEMEIGUOXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUANSHOUZANG“DANGDAIYISHU”WEILI,LAIJIEDUYISHUBOWUGUANMIANLINDEWENTIHETIAOZHAN。

  MoMA VS 大都会

  DANCANGUANJILUBINGBUDENGTONGYUSHOUYIJILU。JIUZAISHANGGEYUE,DADOUHUIBIAOSHI,TAZHENGZAICAIYUAN100DUOMINGYUANGONGZHONG,WEIDESHISHITUMODIAO1000WANMEIYUANDEYUSUANCHIZI,DUANDUANJIGEYUEHOU,XUANBUTINGZHIZHAOPIN。

大都会艺术博物馆

大牛时代配资平台  TONGSHI,HEDADOUHUIWEIYUTONGYIJIEDAOSHANGDEJINGZHENGDUISHOU,NIUYUEXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUAN(the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA))QUEXIANJINCHONGYU,BINGQIEGANGGANGHUODEYIYIMEIYUANJINXINGKUOJIANHEGAIZAO。RANER,ZAI2015ZHIYOUYUESANWANRENTINGXIALAICANGUANTADEYISHUZHAN,ZAISHIJIESHANGPAIMINGJINJINDISHIWUMING。

纽约现代艺术博物馆

大牛时代配资平台  RUHEJIESHIWEISHENMEHUIYOUZHEIMEBUTONGDEFAZHANGUIJI?WEISHENMEYIXIEYISHUBOWUGUANHUIPENGBOFAZHAN,ERYOUYIXIEQUEZAIBUTINGDIZHENGZHA?

  ZUIJINWOYIZHIZAITANSUOWENHUAHEYISHUSHICHANGDEXINJINGJIXUE,WEILEYIBENZHUNBEIZAI2017NIANCHUBANDESHU,MINGWEI《MEIGUODEYISHUJINGJIXUE:YISHU,YISHUJIAHESHICHANGTIXI》。WODEYANJIUSHIWOXIANGXINZHEILIYOUSANGE配资公司 WEISHENMEBUTONGYISHUBOWUGUANDOUYOUBUTONGDEMINGYUNDELIYOU:

  流行趋势(fashion)

  人口统计(demographics)

  亿万富翁(billionaires)

  伟大的博物馆也面临资金缺口

大牛时代配资平台  NIUYUEXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUANHEDADOUHUIZHEILIANGJIASHIMEIGUODEDINGJIYISHUBOWUGUAN,YINCIYITAMENWEILIZILAISHUOMINGYIXIEDANGJINYISHUBOWUGUANSUOMIANDUIDEZIJINWENTI。

大牛时代配资平台  CHULEDANGDAIYISHUZUOPINFEICHANGQUEFAYIWAI,DADOUHUISHISHIJIESHANGCHIYOUYISHUPINZUIQUANMIANDEYISHUBOWUGUANZHIYI,TAYONGYOUYUE3YIMEIYUANDENIANDUYUSUAN。RANER,BOWUGUANMUQIANZHENGMIANLINZHEYUE1000WANMEIYUANDEZIJINQUEKOU,RUGUOTABUKAISHICAIYUAN,JIANGXUNSUZENGZHANGZHI4000WANMEIYUAN。DANTARENGRANZAIKUODAQIXIANDAIDEDANGDAIYISHUZHANLANKONGJIAN。

大都会艺术博物馆内部

  在当代艺术领域,对愿意付出大量资金的投资人的争夺是非常激烈的

  CHULENIUYUEXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUAN,DADOUHUIYISHUBOWUGUANHAIBIXUYUHUITENI(Whitney)(TAXINKAIZAISHIZHONGXINDEFANHUADIDUAN)HEGUGENHAIMUYISHUBOWUGUAN(Guggenheim),YIJISHUSHIJIAKAIZAIMEIGUOGEDAZHUYAOCHENGSHIDEBOWUGUANXIANGHUJINGZHENG,LIRUThe BroadYISHUBOWUGUAN,YIGEXINKAIZAILUOSHANJISHIZHONGXINDEDANGDAIYISHUBOWUGUAN。

大牛时代配资平台  YUCITONGSHI,NIUYUEXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUANYEZHENGZAIYOUZHEZIJIDEWENTI: FUJIAKUOJIANXIANGMUDAOZHIDEWENTI。YOUYUNIUYUEXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUANDEYIGE4YIMEIYUANDEFUJIAKUOZHANJIHUA,GAIYISHUBOWUGUANDEMOUXIEBUFENJIANGZAIXIANGMUZHONGYUYIGUANBI,JINERDAOZHICANGUANRENSHUHESHOURUDEJIANSHAO。NIUYUEXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUANYOUYIGEDUIYIXIEBUZAIXUYAODEYUANGONGTIGONGDEZIYUANKONGGUSHOUGOUJIHUA。

MoMA艺术博物馆内部

大牛时代配资平台  JINGUANRUCI,JUANZENGJIJINZHENGZAIJIEJINSHIYIMEIYUAN,ZHEISHIYIGEFEICHANGLIANGHAODEZHUANGTAI。

  SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,ZHEILIANGGEWEIDADEYISHUBOWUGUANYIDINGHUIJIEJUEXIANZAIDEWENTI,DANSUOTICHUDEZHEIXIEJIBENWENTIFANYINGLEDANGJINMEIGUOHENDUODEYISHUBOWUGUANMIANLINZHEYIXIEGUANJIANDEJINGJIWENTI。

  追逐不断变化的品味客户

大牛时代配资平台  SHOUXIAN,CONGWENZHANGDESHANGBANBUFENKEYIKANCHUDADOUHUIBOWUGUANSHOUDAODECAIZHENGTIAOZHANSHUOMINGLESUOYOUBOWUGUANMIANLINDEYIGEZHANGQIWENTI:GOUHUAZHENGCE。

大牛时代配资平台  DADOUHUIDEGUANZHANGZENGJIAZANGPIN,SHIZHICHENGWEIYIGEZHENZHENGDEGUOJIHUABOWUGUAN--BANSUIZHEYIGEZHONGYAODELIWAI: HENSHAOSHEJIXIANDAIHEDANGDAIYISHU。ZHEIRANGTACHUYUJINGZHENGLIESHI。YIGUDEDADOUHUIGUANZHANGTUOMASI·HUOFEN(Thomas Hoving)JIZHONGQIANGGOUWENYIFUXINGHEZAOQIHUIHUADASHIDEZUOPIN,RUWEILASIKAIZI(Velázquez)DE“HUAN·DE·PALEIHADEXIAOXIANG(Portrait of Juan de Pareja)”HEAIJIDIANDEERSHENMIAO(gyptian Temple of Dendur)。TAHAIKAIFALEYOUGUANLVYOUZHEIGESHIXIALIUXINGZHUTIDEZHANLAN,YINQILEDAHONGDONG,ZHEIRANGLAIBOWUGUANDEGUANZHONGDEHUALEEWAIDEFEIYONG。

  WEILASIKAIZI(Velázquez)DE“HUAN·DE·PALEIHADEXIAOXIANG(Portrait of Juan de Pareja)

  TADEJIRENZHE,FEILIPUDEMENGTEBEILUO(Phillipe de Montebello),YEMEIYOUZENGJIADUOSHAOBOWUGUANDEXIANDAISHOUZANG。TADEGUANDIANSHI,XIANGYOUDEYISHUBOWUGUAN,RUXIANDAIYISHUBOWUGUANYIJINGKAISHITONGGUOGOUMAIZAISHIYISHUJIA(YOUXIEZAIZHIYESHENGYAZHONGQI)DEDANGDAIYISHUZUOPINZUOWEISHOUZANG,ZHEIZHONGXINGWEIKENENGHUICUNZAIYIXIEWENTIHUOZHEFENGXIAN。

委拉斯开兹的画作

  SUIRANDADOUHUIDEDANGDAISHOUZANGJINJINIANYOUSUOZENGJIA,DANHAISHIYIZHIWUFAXUNSUDIZHUISUIYUELAIYUEXIHUANXIANDAIHEDANGDAIYISHUDEBOWUGUANGUANZHONGDEBIANHUADEPINWEI。

  CONGJINGJIXUESHANGLAIKAN,RUGUOXIANGDADOUHUIZHEIYANGBUNENGGENSHANGQIKEHUDEPINWEIBIANHUADEBOWUGUAN,SHOURUHENKENENGHUIXIAJIANG。SHIJIANYEXUHUIZHENGMINGZHEIYIDIAN。ERTAXIANZAIZAIQUGOUMAIZUOPINLAIYINGHEDAZHONGPINWEIYIJINGLAIBUJILE,YINWEIYISHUSUOXUDECHENGBENSHITIANJIADE。

  YOUYUBOWUGUANWULUNSHIJUANZENGHUOGOUMAI,DOUQUESHAOFEICHANGYOUXIUDEZUOPIN,WEIYIDEXUANZESHICONGQITAJIGOUHUOSIRENSHOUZANGJIAHUODE “JIECHU”DEZUOPINXILIE。ERZHEIYANGDEXUANZEZHIDUISHAOSHUMEIGUOBOWUGUANYOUXIAO,JIUQIYUANYINJIUSHIDIERGEGUANJIANWENTI——MEIGUOYISHUPINZIYUANDEFENPEIHEQUANQIUSHOURUJIQIDUIBOWUGUANDECAIWUHEJINGYINGDEDAILAIDEYINGXIANG。

等待参观美术馆的队伍

  亿万富翁的“泡沫”

  WOMENSHENGHUOZAIYIGEFANRONGDEDANGDAIYISHUSHIQI(YOUXIERENHUISHUOZHEISHIYIGE“PAOMO”)。

  ZAIYIGEYUEYOU1800WEIYIWANFUHAODESHIJIE, ZHEIZHIHUIJIANGSHAOSHUDEGAODUANYISHUPINDEJIAGETUIXIANGTIANWENSHUZI。

大牛时代配资平台  DALIANGDEPAIMAIXING,YISHUBOLANHUIHEHUALANGYIJINGSHIYINGLEZHEIGEXUNSUFAZHANDESHICHANG。ZAIDANGDAIYISHUZHONGWUKEZHENGYIDEDASHI,DEGUOYISHUJIAGEHADE·LIXITE(Gerhard Richter)DEZUOPINCENGZAIJINJINIANCHANSHENGDE12YIMEIYUANDEXIAOSHOUE。

  CHUCIZHIWAIYIXIEYOUHENDAMINGSHENGDEYISHUJIA,XIANGJIEKEXUN·BOLUOKE(Jackson Pollock),MAKE·LUOSIKE(Mark Rothko)HEBANEITE·NIUMAN(Barnett Newman),HAIYOU1955NIANYIHOUCHUSHENGDEYIXIEREMENNIANQINGYISHUJIADEQUDELEZUIGAODEPAIMAIJIAGE。 CONG2014NIAN7YUEZHI2015NIAN6YUE,ZAIPAIMAIJIAGESHANG,RANG·MIXIEER·BASIKUITE(Jean-Michel Basquiat),KELISITUOFU·WUER(Christopher Wool)HEJIEFU·KUNSI(Jeff Koons)FENBIEDADAOLE3,300WANMEIYUAN26.5WANMEIYUANHE2,300WANMEIYUAN,ZHEIHAIZHISHIDANJIANYISHUPINDEJIAGE。

让·米歇尔·巴斯奎特的作品 克里斯托弗·伍尔的作品 杰夫·昆斯和他的雕塑作品 格哈德·里希特画作

  ZHEIXIEBIAOSHENGDEJIAGEYIWEIZHEBOWUGUANTONGCHANGWUFAGENSHANG,BIXUYIKAOJUANZENGJIANGTAMENZUIHAODEZUOPINBIANHUICHUYIXIEZUOPINJI,BURANTAMENJIUHUIZAISHICHANGLIMEIYOUYOUSHI。

  XIANZAIYEYOUYUELAIYUEDUODEYIWANFUWENGMENKAISHIJIANLITAMENZIJIDEYIXIESIRENYISHUBOWUGUAN,BIGONGGONGYISHUBOWUGUANGENGYOUNENGLIQUHUODEYIXIEGENGHAODEZUOPIN。

  人口问题对博物馆的影响

大牛时代配资平台  DISANGEXIANGGUANDEWENTISHIRENKOUWENTI,SHUISHOUSHIJIADEYALIJIAZHONGLEBOWUGUANCAIWUHEYEWUDEWENTI。

大牛时代配资平台  SHIYE、TIQIANTUIXIUHERENKOULAOLINGHUADOUWEIMEIGUOZENGJIALECANJIAGEZHONGLEIXINGDEBOWUGUAN。NIKENENGHUIRENWEIZHEISHIYIJIANHAOSHI,ZAIXUDUOFANGMIANSHIZHEIYANG。 DANSHIGENGDUOLIULIANGYIWEIZHEGENGGAODECHENGBEN,DANGZHEIXIEEWAIDECANGUANZHEBUHUITIGONGGENGDUODESHOURUSHI,YINGLILVJIANGXIAJIANG。ZHEISHIYINWEIZHANGQICUNZAIDEBOWUGUANDE“MIANFEI”KAIFANGDEHUODONG,SHITONGGUOGEREN、ZHENGFUHUOQIYE“ZANZHU”CHENGBEN。DANDANGTIGONGDEYUSUANFEIYONGJIANSHAOHUOYOUQITAYUANYIN,BOWUGUANBIXUXUANZECHENGDANFEIYONGHUOBUTONGGUOZANZHUREN,ZIJIKAISHISHOUQUFEIYONG。

博物馆纪念品店

  ZHENGJUBIAOMING,BOWUGUANCANGUANRENSHUSHIFANZHOUQIDE。DANGJINGJIZENGZHANGFANGHUANSHI,TASHANGSHENG。 DANZHEIYESHIZHEIXIE“ZANZHUSHANG”ZUIYOUKENENGKAISHIXIAOSHIDESHIHOU。HUANJUHUASHUO,DADOUHUIBOWUGUANDECANGUANRENSHUCHUANGXIAJILUBIAOMIANSHANGTINGQILAIHENBANG,DANKENENGHUIDAOZHIQIYUSUANQUEKOU,ZENGJIAQICHENGBEN。

纽约现代艺术博物馆

  艺术博物馆将何去何从

  BOWUGUANKENDINGHUIJIXUCUNZAI,BINGTIGONGSHUYIBAIWANJIYOU配资公司 WOMENDEWENHUADEBAOGUIJIANJIE, GUOQUDEHEXIANZAIDE。

  DANSHITAMENYOUBIYAOZAIJINGJIYUANLIXIACUNZAI。PINWEIHUIGAIBIAN,SHOURUFENPEIHUIGAIBIAN,YISHUDEKEYONGXINGHERENKOUYEHUIGAIBIAN。

  RANERZHEIXIEYINSUDOUBUNENGFOUDINGYISHUBOWUGUANDEZHONGYAOXING,ERZHEIXIEBIEDEYINSUJIANGWEIMINGZHIDEGUANLIZHECONGJINGJIXUEJIAODUKAOLVSUOYONG。


BENWENGUANJIANCI:

大牛时代配资平台WENZHANGCHUZI:HULIANWANG,WENZHONGNEIRONGHEGUANDIANBUDAIBIAOBENWANGZHANLICHANG,RUYOUQINQUAN,QINGNINGAOZHI,WOMENJIANGJISHICHULI。

 
 
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